The International Journal for Religious Freedom (IJRF) https://ijrf.org/index.php/home <p>The International Journal for Religious Freedom (IJRF) is published twice a year and aims to provide a platform for scholarly discourse on religious freedom in general and the persecution of Christians in particular. It is an interdisciplinary, international, peer reviewed journal, serving the dissemination of new research on religious freedom and contains research articles, documentation, book reviews, academic news and other relevant items.</p> <p>The IJRF is listed on the South African Department of Higher Education and Training “Approved list of South African journals” as effective from 1 January 2012.</p> <p>Manuscripts submitted for publication are assessed by a panel of referees and the decision to publish is dependent on their reports.</p> <p>The IJRF subscribes to the National Code of Best Practice in Editorial Discretion and Peer Review for South African Scholarly Journals.</p> <p>The IJRF is available as a paid print subscription, and released later as a free online version on 1 March and 1 September respectively (www.iirf.global), as well as via SABINET and EBSCO.</p> <p><a title="Leitet Herunterladen der Datei ein" href="https://iirf.global/wp-content/uploads/IJRF//dhet_accreditation.pdf" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Accreditation</a></p> <p><a href="https://ijrf.org/index.php/ijrf/information/authors" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Guidelines for authors</a></p> International Institute for Religious Freedom en-US The International Journal for Religious Freedom (IJRF) 2070-5484 <p>Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CC BY 4.0</a>)</p> A Biblical ethic of kinship for people on the move https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/128 <p>The Christian Bible, in both Old and New Testaments, is calling and forming God’s people to enfold vulnerable immigrants as their kindred. On the basis of the inherent value of every people group (Gen 9–10), and grounded in God’s own covenant com- mitment to refugees (Deut 10:18–19), God’s people are to offer a place of protection and belonging for people on the move.</p> Mark R. Glanville Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 15 1/2 9–23 9–23 Political repression of religious leaders’ manifestations of faith in Nicaragua https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/129 <p>This article analyzes the increasing restrictions on freedom of religion and freedom of expression in Nicaragua since 2018. It explores church-state relations and concludes that expressions of faith have become a risk for religious leaders and for the church as an institution if they contradict the political interests of the Nicaraguan dictatorship. There has been violence against religious leaders. Over 200,000 people have left Nicaragua, including religious leaders and Christians in general.</p> Rossana Muga Teresa Flores Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 15 1/2 25–37 25–37 Why religious freedom matters for asylum seekers and refugees https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/130 <p>This article advances a three-pronged argument to demonstrate why religious freedom matters for asylum seekers and refugees. First, it is a fundamental human right owed to everyone. Second, the global crisis of religious freedom, marked by increasing persecution and government restrictions on religion around the world, has a particularly damaging impact on asylum seekers and refugees. Third, higher levels of religiosity tend to be found among asylum seekers. For these reasons, religion should hold a greater place in policies governing the reception of asylum seekers and refugees.</p> Kareem P. A. McDonald Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 15 1/2 39–52 39–52 Islamic insurgency in the Sahel as the root of mass displacement in Burkina Faso https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/131 <p>The Islamic State’s emergence in the Sahel region has triggered violence resulting&nbsp;in a large-scale refugee crisis. This paper focuses on the instability and refugee situation in Burkina Faso, which has received less attention than other Sahel countries such as Mali and Nigeria. In academic debates, IS-instigated terrorism tends to be examined as a multi-layered conflict with non-religious reasons in the background. However, religion is a key factor fueling terrorist activity in the Sahel region and determining its outcome, as the idea of creating an Islamic State or caliphate is inherently religious in nature. Islamic insurgents target all non-compliant community members and Christians in particular.</p> Iwona Zamkowska Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 15 1/2 53–69 53–69 Religious syncretism and the inclusion or exclusion of women in peacebuilding in northeast Nigeria https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/132 <p>This article examines the role of religious practices in limiting women’s participation in peacebuilding processes in northeast Nigeria. A human rights-based approach is adopted to examine how Nigerian laws seek to balance religious beliefs and practices with women’s inclusion in state rebuilding processes. The study finds a correlation between religious practices and patriarchy. It connects the inadequate inclusion of women in peacebuilding and rebuilding processes primarily to religious beliefs and perceptions that have been embedded in cultural values. The article concludes that the exclusion of women in peacebuilding and reconstruction processes threatens sustainable peace and may lead to the recurrence of conflict.</p> Olanike S. Adelakun Adedayo Adelakun Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 15 1/2 71–85 71–85 The plight of vulnerable refugees https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/133 <p>In 2021 the UK set up the Afghan Citizens Resettlement Scheme (ACRS). In view of experiences with the 2014 Syrian Vulnerable Persons Resettlement Scheme (VPRS), it is feared that religious minorities and the most vulnerable groups will be virtually excluded. This article examines the implementation of the VPRS for the purpose of drawing conclusions about the likely fate of religious minorities, such as the Christian community in Afghanistan, and the likely problems associated with the ACRS. Again, there is reason to expect a wilful blindness to the fate of the most vulnerable people including Christian communities.</p> Paul Diamond Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 15 1/2 87–106 87–106 Oppressive Neutrality? https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/134 <p>The steep increase in sectarian violence in Western European refugee centers caused uproar throughout the continent. European citizens wondered how this could happen in their backyard. Even though policy changes have been implemented to counter this threat, problems persist. The dominant secular discourse on humanitarianism seeks to address these challenges through a materialist approach. An analysis of the current discourse and its effect on humanitarian policy practice both internationally and at the national level reveals its limitations, suggesting that a reassessment of religion within humanitarianism is of paramount importance.</p> David A. van der Maas Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 15 1/2 107–119 107–119 The intersection between refugees and religion https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/135 <p>The present paper investigates the legal issues surrounding religiously based asylum claims and the main patterns adopted in European countries, with a special focus on Italy. It demonstrates the risks resulting from the implementation of contradictory standards across Europe and proposes how European courts could make a significant contribution by establishing common standards. European courts have recently adopted a more interventionist approach, with a view to expanding the range of cases involving religious discrimination, intolerance, and persecution that make the victim worthy of international protection. These recent actions could more effectively safeguard the essential core of religious freedom in all of Europe.</p> Adelaide Madera Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 15 1/2 121–139 121–139 Assessing credibility in conversion-based asylum claims https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/136 <p>This article emphasizes the complexity of credibility assessment in asylum claims involving religious conversion. It outlines national and international legal provisions concerning conversion credibility assessment, along with difficulties associated with them and with their implementation in practice. The article evaluates assessment standards and practices in the United Kingdom and Germany. Finally, it identifies best practices and proposes recommendations to ensure a more objective approach.</p> Lidia Rieder Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 15 1/2 141–157 141–157 Noteworthy https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/137 <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="section"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The noteworthy items are structured in three groups: annual reports and global surveys, regional and country reports, and specific issues. Though we apply serious criteria in the selection of items noted, it is beyond our capacity to scrutinize the accuracy of every statement made. We therefore disclaim responsibility for the contents of the items noted. The compilation was produced by Janet Epp Buckingham.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Janet Epp Buckingham Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-20 2022-12-20 15 1/2 159–164 159–164 Book Reviews https://ijrf.org/index.php/home/article/view/138 <ul> <li>The Specific Vulnerability of Religious Minorities</li> <li>From Toleration to Religious Freedom: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives</li> <li>Latin American Perspectives on Law and Religion</li> <li>Secularization, Desecularization, and Toleration: Cross-Disciplinary Challenges to a Modern Myth</li> <li>Humanitarian Islam, Evangelical Christianity, and the Clash of Civilizations: A New Partnership for Peace and Religious Freedom</li> <li>Humanitarian Islam, Evangelical Christianity, and the Clash of Civilizations: A New Partnership for Peace and Religious Freedom</li> </ul> IIRF Copyright (c) 2022 Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ 2022-12-20 2022-12-20 15 1/2 165–176 165–176