The intersection between refugees and religion

The challenge of assessing religiously based asylum claims in the European legal framework


  • Adelaide Madera


EU, freedom of religion and belief, refugee status, religious persecution, Italy


The present paper investigates the legal issues surrounding religiously based asylum claims and the main patterns adopted in European countries, with a special focus on Italy. It demonstrates the risks resulting from the implementation of contradictory standards across Europe and proposes how European courts could make a significant contribution by establishing common standards. European courts have recently adopted a more interventionist approach, with a view to expanding the range of cases involving religious discrimination, intolerance, and persecution that make the victim worthy of international protection. These recent actions could more effectively safeguard the essential core of religious freedom in all of Europe.

Author Biography

Adelaide Madera

Adelaide Madera is a Professor of Canon Law and Law and Religion at the University of Messina, Italy.