God’s mission through suffering and martyrdom

A Korean perspective


  • Roy Stults
  • Paul (Young Kee) Lee


Persecution studies, instrumental suffering, impassability of God, theology of persecution, martyrdom, suffering, Korea


Dr. Lee weaves together a theology of persecution with an historical study of persecution, both in the ancient church and in the modern Korean Church. He focuses on themes such as instrumental suffering, which is a description of the method God uses to reach and redeem the world. This instrumental suffering, the suffering that is utilized to accomplish the will and work of God, is seen in the ministry and mission of Jesus, the Apostle Paul, the Early Church, and in the experience of the Korean church. Instrumental suffering can be seen as a factor that contributed to the great growth of the contemporary Korean church in South Korea. Instrumental suffering is expected of all followers of Christ and should shape and inform our present ministry and mission.

Author Biographies

Roy Stults

Donald LeRoy Stults received doctorates in missiology (USA), and theology (Britain). He is currently the Online Workshop Coordinator for Voice of the Martyrs USA and has the responsibility for setting up online classes in persecution studies (www.vomclassroom.com). He served as a missionary educator in Asia and Europe and taught persecution studies classes at Oklahoma Wesleyan University as a (Full) Professor of Religion and Philosophy along with the late Glenn Penner, who was there as a visiting professor. He has written books on Asian theology and a theology of mission to the Western world (based on the thought and writings of Lesslie Newbigin). He has written this article based on the dissertation of Young Kee Lee and in lieu of the author.

Paul (Young Kee) Lee

Paul (Young Kee) Lee received a doctorate in missiology (USA). He is a missionary with the One Mission Society, serving in East Asia. His is also Professor of Missiology and Dean of School Development at America Evangelical University. He serves as an Adjunct Professor at Hope International University. He has served as a youth pastor, missionary to Thailand, Senior Pastor, and Educational Pastor.