Political repression of religious leaders’ manifestations of faith in Nicaragua


  • Rossana Muga
  • Teresa Flores


Nicaragua, freedom of religion, freedom of expression


This article analyzes the increasing restrictions on freedom of religion and freedom of expression in Nicaragua since 2018. It explores church-state relations and concludes that expressions of faith have become a risk for religious leaders and for the church as an institution if they contradict the political interests of the Nicaraguan dictatorship. There has been violence against religious leaders. Over 200,000 people have left Nicaragua, including religious leaders and Christians in general.

Author Biographies

Rossana Muga

Rossana Muga Gonzales is the Americas Coordinator of World Watch Research Unit, Open Doors International.

Teresa Flores

Teresa Flores Chiscul is the Director of the Observatory for Religious Freedom in Latin America (OLIRE).